Middle

Electives

M/J Fitness (Grade 6)

Course Description: This fitness course is designed for 6th grade students and intended to be 18 weeks in length. The purpose of this course is to provide students with the knowledge, skills, and values they need to become healthy and physically active for a lifetime. This course addresses both the health and skill-related components of physical fitness which are critical for students' success.

Offered: Grade 6

Semester: Semester Only

Platform: Canvas

M/J Individual/Dual Sport (Grade 8)

Course Description: This course is designed for 8th-grade students and intended to be 18 weeks in length. The purpose of this course is to develop the physical skills necessary to compete in many forms of movement, knowledge of offensive and defensive strategies and tactics, and appropriate social behaviors within both competitive and on-competitive activity settings. The integration of fitness concepts throughout the content is critical to student success in this course and in the development of a healthy and physically active lifestyle.

Offered: Grade 8

Semester: Semester Only

Platform: Canvas

M/J Intensive Reading

Course Description: This course is designed for 6th-grade students reading below grade level and whose diagnostic tests indicate remediation is necessary in decoding, fluency, vocabulary, and comprehension. These students will receive daily approximately 45 minutes of targeted reading instruction. The course includes foundational skill standards to be used until a student has mastered the standard. Teachers will use the listed standards that correspond to student need based on diagnostic assessments and adjust according to ongoing progress monitoring data. 
Effective implementation requires the support to be matched to student need and is provided by the most experienced, and/or specialized expert. Instruction is individualized and targeted to the skills that pose the greatest barrier to learning and is characterized by the greatest number of minutes of instruction with the narrowest focus for an individual or a very small group of students. Individualized diagnostic data, as well as instructional time, are in addition to those provided in core instruction. Formative assessments occur more frequently and focus on the learning barriers to success and are based on intensity of needs.

 
See the VCS K-12 Reading Plan for more specific placement information.

Semester: Full Year

Platform: Edgenuity

M/J Introduction to Art History

Course Description: The purpose of this course is to sharpen powers of observation and develop art skills by experimenting with wet and dry media, techniques, and drawing approaches to record ideas and to transfer concepts to painting, printmaking, collage, and/or design. Students sketch, plan, practice, and manipulate the structural elements of art; use research information; visualize imaginative ideas; and improve mark-making skills that are fundamental to all visual art imagery. Ethical use of art content is stressed. Through the critique process, students evaluate and respond to their own work and the work of others. This course incorporates hands-on activities, sketchbook journaling, and consumption of art materials.

Offered: 6, 7 & 8

Semester: Full Year

Platform: Canvas

M/J Journalism 1

Course Description: The purpose of this course is to enable students to develop fundamental skills in the production of journalism across print, multimedia, web, and broadcast/radio platforms and to become aware of journalism history, careers, ethics use, and management techniques related to the production of journalistic media. Some activities may be required outside of the school day.

Offered: Grade 6, 7 & 8

Semester: Full Year

Platform: FLVS

M/J Peer Counseling 1

Course Description: The purpose of this course is to enable students to develop an awareness of self and others. Emphasis will be on the acquisition of basic skills for effective communication and peer facilitation. The content will include functions of a peer facilitator, basic human needs, self-awareness and self-expression, impact of peer pressure, facilitative communication skills, peer and family relationships, and dealing with conflict.

Offered: Grade 6, 7 & 8

Semester: Full Year

Platform: FLVS

M/J Team Sports (Grade 7)

Course Description: This course is designed for 7th-grade students and is intended to be 18 weeks in length. The purpose of this course is to develop the physical skills necessary to be competent in many forms of movement, knowledge of team sports concepts such as offensive and defensive strategies and tactics, and appropriate social behaviors within a team or group setting.  The integration of fitness concepts throughout the content is critical to the success of this course.

Offered: Grade 7

Semester: Semester Only

Platform: Canvas

Personal Fitness (High School Credit)

Course Description: The purpose of this required course is to teach students the importance of maintaining an optimal level of health fitness and how to assess and develop that fitness. The content will also include knowledge of health problems associated with inadequate fitness levels, knowledge and application of physiological principles of fitness, proper nutrition, stress management, and consumer issues related to physical fitness. Students will develop individual wellness plans.

Semester: Semester Only

Platform: Canvas

English

6th ELA and 6th ELA Advanced (Language Arts)

ELA Course Description: The purpose of this course is to provide grade 6 students, using informational and literary texts of appropriate complexity, integrated language arts study in reading, writing, speaking, listening, and language for college and career preparation and readiness.

ELA Advanced Course Description: The purpose of this course is to provide grade 6 students, using informational and literary texts of high complexity, advanced integrated language arts study in reading, writing, speaking, listening, and language for college and career preparation and readiness.

Offered: Grade 6

Semester: Full Year

Platform: Edgenuity/FLVS

Prerequisite: None or Grade 5 test data, reporting card grades, and Teacher Recommendation (Advanced)

7th ELA and 7th ELA Advanced (Language Arts)

ELA Course Description: The purpose of this course is to provide grade 7 students, using texts of appropriate complexity, integrated language arts study in reading, writing, speaking, listening, and language for college and career preparation and readiness.

ELA Advanced Course Description: The purpose of this course is to provide grade 7 students, using informational and literary texts of high complexity, advanced integrated language arts study in reading, writing, speaking, listening, and language for college and career preparation and readiness.

Offered: Grade 7

Semester: Full Year

Platform: Edgenuity/FLVS

Prerequisite: Completion of M/J Language Arts 1 or Completion of M/J Language Arts 1 or M/J Language Arts 1 Advance (Advanced)

8th ELA and 8th ELA Advanced (Language Arts)

ELA Course Description: The purpose of this course is to provide grade 8 students, using informational and literary texts of high complexity, integrated language arts study in reading, writing, speaking, listening, and language for college and career preparation and readiness.

ELA Advanced Course Description: The purpose of this course is to provide grade 8 students, using informational and literary texts of high complexity, advanced integrated language arts study in reading, writing, speaking, listening, and language for college and career preparation and readiness.

Offered: Grade 8

Semester: Full Year

Platform: Edgenuity/FLVS

Prerequisite: Completion of M/J Language Arts 1 or M/J Language Arts 1, Advanced (Advanced)

Math

Algebra 1 (High School Credit)

Course Description: This course is a rigorous in-depth study of the topics of Algebra 1 designed to develop the algebraic concepts and processes that can be used to solve a variety of real-world mathematics problems. The content will include: functions, linear equations, inequalities, polynomials, rational numbers and equations, radicals, quadratics, and discrete mathematics with multiple representations, as well as complex numbers, additional benchmarks related to parabolas, absolute value equations and inequalities, rational expressions and equations. Calculators and computers will serve as instructional tools in concept development. Students will be required to sit for the end-of-course exam (EOC) which will constitute 30% of their overall final course grade. Students will be required to pass the state Algebra 1 End of Course Assessment to be awarded high school credit for the course. Students who are 7th graders and successfully complete this course will take Geometry Honors in 8th grade for high school credit; with the expectation of completing four additional years of mathematics in AP and/or IB courses in high school (three additional mathematics credits above this content in high school are required).

Semester: Full Year

Platform: Edgenuity/FLVS

Geometry (High School Credit)

Course Description: This course is designed to give a rigorous in-depth study of geometry with emphasis on methods of proof and the formal language of mathematics. The content will include the following: structure of geometry; separation properties; angle concepts; triangles, quadrilaterals; proofs, perpendicularity, and parallelism in a plane and in space; similar polygons; circles and spheres; constructions; area and volume; and coordinate geometry. The Standards for Mathematical Practice apply throughout and, together with the content standards, prescribe that students experience mathematics as a coherent, useful, and logical subject that makes use of their ability to make sense of problem situations.

Students will be required to sit for the end-of-course exam provided by the state which will constitute 30% of their overall final course grade.

Semester: Full Year

Platform: Edgenuity/FLVS

6th Math and 6th Math Advanced/Honors

Grade 6 Math Course Description: In Grade 6, instructional time should focus on four critical areas: (1) connecting ratio and rate to whole number multiplication and division and using concepts of ratio and rate to solve problems; (2) completing understanding of division of fractions and extending the notion of number to the system of rational numbers, which includes negative numbers; (3) writing, interpreting, and using expressions and equations; and (4) developing an understanding of statistical thinking.

Grade 6 Math Advanced: Instructional time should be focused on basic algebra concepts and a review of arithmetic algorithms. Topics include pre-algebra concepts of variable recognition, signed numbers, formulas, and single variable equations, introducing the fundamental principles of algebra, which include algebraic symbolism, simplifying expressions, solutions to higher-level equations, and the graphic representations associated with variables. Students will synthesize and algebraically represent situations to solve problems, especially those involving linear relationships. In addition to the pre-algebra concepts, students will develop an understanding of probability and work with two- and three-dimensional shapes to solve problems involving area, surface area, and volume.

Grade 6 Math Advanced Honors: In addition to the six critical areas in Grade 6 Advanced, instructional time should be focused on basic algebra concepts and a review of arithmetic algorithms. The accelerated course is designed to help students learn the concepts necessary to be successful in Algebra I Honors. Topics include pre-algebra concepts of variable recognition, signed numbers, formulas, and single variable equations, introducing the fundamental principles of algebra, which include algebraic symbolism, simplifying expressions, solutions to higher-level equations, and the graphic representations associated with variables. Students will synthesize and algebraically represent situations to solve problems, especially those involving linear relationships. In addition to the pre-algebra concepts, students will develop an understanding of probability and working with two and three-dimensional shapes to solve problems involving area, surface area, and volume.

Offered: Grade 6

Semester: Full Year

Platform: Edgenuity/FLVS

Prerequisite: Teacher Recommendation from Elementary School and a level 4 or 5 on. (Advanced & Advanced Honors)

7th Math and 7th Math Advanced

Grade 7 Math Course Description: Instructional time should focus on four critical areas: (1) developing an understanding of and applying proportional relationships; (2) developing an understanding of operations with rational numbers and working with expressions and linear equations; (3) solving problems involving scale drawings and informal geometric constructions and working with two- and three-dimensional shapes to solve problems involving area, surface area, and volume; and (4) drawing inferences about populations based on samples. This course prepares students for Grade 8 Pre-Algebra.

Advanced Course Description: Instructional time should focus on five critical areas: (1) solving problems involving scale drawings and informal geometric constructions, and working with two- and three- dimensional shapes to solve problems involving area, surface area, and volume; (2) drawing inferences about populations based on samples; (3) formulating and reasoning about expressions and equations, including modeling an association in bivariate data with a linear equation, and solving linear equations and systems of linear equations; (4) grasping the concept of a function and using functions to describe quantitative relationships; and (5) analyzing two- and three-dimensional space and figures using distance, angle, similarity, and congruence, and understanding and applying the Pythagorean Theorem. This course serves as a challenging full-year pre-algebra course, which is designed to develop the skills and concepts necessary for success in Algebra 1 Honors.

Offered: Grade 7

Semester: Full Year

Platform: Edgenuity/FLVS

Prerequisite: Successful completion of Grade 6 Mathematics or Grade 6 Advanced (Advanced)

8th Pre-Algebra

Course Description: The purpose of this course is to develop the skills and concepts necessary for success in algebra. The content will include real-world problem solving, numeration, number theory, real-world measurement techniques, geometric relationships, probability, statistics, data interpretation, and algebraic sequences, expressions, equations, and inequalities. Manipulatives, models, calculators, and computers will serve as instructional tools in concept development.

Offered: Grade 8

Semester: Full Year

Platform: Edgenuity/FLVS

Science

6th Science and 6th Science Advanced

Grade 6 Science Course Description: Comprehensive Science 1 is the first in a series of three consecutive science classes. This course introduces science, energy, forces, weather, climate, Earth’s systems, and the living world. Some topics are explored in depth while others are introduced to serve as building blocks for M/J Comprehensive Science 2 and 3. Students explore science through everyday examples and experiences and participate in weekly hands-on activities, investigations, and or laboratory experiences to apply what they have learned.

Grade 6 Science Advanced: Students taking this advanced course should have earned a 3 or higher on FSA ELA and the Florida Statewide Science Assessment. Advanced labs are integral to this course. Comprehensive Science 1 is the first in a series of three consecutive science classes. This course introduces science, energy, forces, weather, climate, Earth’s systems, and the living world. Some topics are explored in depth while others are introduced to serve as building blocks for M/J Comprehensive Science 2 and 3. Students explore science through everyday examples and experiences and participate in weekly hands-on activities, investigations, and laboratory experiences to apply what they have learned.

Offered: Grade 6

Semester: Full Year

Platform: Edgenuity/FLVS

Prerequisite: Level 3-5 FSA ELA ​​​​​​​(Advanced)

7th Science and 7th Science Advanced

Course Description: Comprehensive Science 2 is the second course in the M/J Comprehensive Science Sequence. In this course, students explore the foundations of science, energy, the Earth and its features, Earth’s internal and external structures, and how they change Earth’s history, living things, and how they change and interact genetics and heredity, and organization of the living world. Some of these topics are introduced and serve as a foundation for M/J Comprehensive Science 3, and others are discussed in detail. Students learn through real-world examples, hands-on activities, and weekly laboratory experiences in order to apply what they have learned.

Honors and Advanced Level Course Note: This course follows Comprehensive Science 1, Advanced. Students taking this advanced course should have earned a 3 or higher on FSA ELA and demonstrated a high level of success in Comprehensive Science 1. These concepts include earth science, life science, and physics. Students will carry out higher order lab activities using processes such as measurement, observation, predicting, reasoning, and problem-solving. Advanced labs are integral to this course.

Offered: Grade 7

Semester: Full Year

Platform: Edgenuity/FLVS

Prerequisite: Level 3-5 FSA ELA (Advanced)

8th Science and 8th Science Advanced

Grade 8 Science Course Description: Comprehensive Science 3 is the last class of the M/J Comprehensive Science series. The course introduces new information and reviews some basics of science to prepare students for high school science coursework. Topics covered include the nature of science, Earth-space science, properties of matter, changes in matter, matter and energy, and energy flow in the living world. In this course, students learn through real-world examples and applications. Students participate in weekly investigations and or laboratory experiences to apply what they have learned.

Grade 8 Advanced: Comprehensive Science 3, Advanced is the third year of the Comprehensive Science Advanced program. Advanced labs are integral to this course. Students taking this advanced course should have earned a 3 or higher on FSA ELA and demonstrated a high level of success in Comprehensive Science 2. The course introduces new information and reviews some basics of science to prepare students for high school science coursework. Topics covered include the nature of science, Earth-space science, properties of matter, changes in matter, matter and energy, and energy flow in the living world. In this course, students learn through real-world examples and applications. Students participate in weekly investigations and or laboratory experiences to apply what they have learned.

Offered: Grade 8

Semester: Full Year

Platform: Edgenuity/FLVS

Prerequisite: Level 3-5 FSA ELA

Social Studies

6th World History and 6th World History Advanced

Grade 6 World History Course Description: The primary content for this course pertains to the world's earliest civilizations to the ancient and classical civilizations of Africa, Asia, and Europe. Students will be exposed to the multiple dynamics of world history including economics, geography, politics, and religion/philosophy. Students will study methods of historical inquiry and primary and secondary historical documents.

Grade 6 Advanced: The primary content for this course spans the world’s earliest civilizations to the ancient and classical civilizations of Africa, Asia, and Europe. Students will be introduced to the multiple dynamics of world history including, economics, geography, government, and religion & philosophy. Students will learn methods of historical inquiry including the study of primary and secondary historical documents. Advanced courses offer scaffolded learning opportunities for students to develop the critical skills of analysis, synthesis, and evaluation in a more rigorous and reflective academic setting. Students are empowered to perform at higher levels as they engage in the following: analyzing historical documents and supplementary readings, working in the context of thematically categorized information, becoming proficient in note-taking, participating in Socratic seminars/discussions, emphasizing free-response and document-based writing, contrasting opposing viewpoints, solving problems, etc. Students will develop and demonstrate their skills through participation in a capstone and/or extended research-based paper/project (e.g., Social Studies fair, projects for competitive evaluation, and other teacher-directed projects).

Offered: Grade 6

Semester: Full Year

Platform: Edgenuity/FLVS

Prerequisite: Teacher Recommendation/Student Profile (Advanced)